Wires and cables are two different things. They are often confused with each other. Many people call wires and cable the same thing. They both are very different, and should not be confused with. The difference between a wire and a cable is that a wire is a single electricity conductor, it is just one single wire, whereas a cable is a group of many wires in one covering, sheathed or unsheathed. In earlier times, the word ‘cable’ was used for a bunch of ropes intertwined around each other which were used to anchor the sailing ships. Wires and cables both have their own different types and kinds. They both come with color coding. Wires also come with wire lettering. All of them a have different code or lettering on them which are very essential.Electrician Surprise has detail knowledge about all types of wires and cables.
Types of Wires:
Triplex Wires: These are used between the power poles and the weather heads. They are made of two aluminum wires and a third neutral wire which acts as a common neutral wire.
Main Feeder Wires: These wires connect the service weather head to the home or the building. They are composed of THHN (a type of wire lettering) wires. They need 25% more cable load than required.
Panel Feed Wires: These wires are used for the circuit breakers. They are generally black in color and are insulated THHN. Similar to main feeder wires, they require 25% more cable load than necessary.
Non-metallic Sheathed Wires: These wires are mostly used in homes. They have 2-3 conductors which come with plastic insulation. They also have a bare grounding wire. They are cheaper, so they are used in wiring of houses.
Single Strand Wires: These wires have a pipe through which small wires can be drawn through. They also use THHN. They are very popular for buildings which use pipes for containing wires.
Types of cables:
Non-metallic Sheathed Cable: These cables have 2 or 4 wires which are covered with a flexible plastic covering. They also have a bare ground wire. Each wiring is individually wrapped in thermoplastic. Special varieties of these are used for either outdoor or underground use, but the other cables are most commonly used in households and indoor.
Metallic Sheathed Cable: These wires are also called BX cables or armored cables. They are mostly used for the supply of electricity in larger appliances or in the main junctions. They consist of 3 plain and stranded wires made of copper – one wire for current flow, another for grounding, and another is a neutral wire. They are insulated with PVC bedding, cross-linked polyethylene, and black PVC sheathing. They are commonly used in outdoor and larger installations.
Coaxial Cable: These cables consist of a thick wire, covered by a steel mesh for electromagnetic resistance and for prevention of electromagnetic fluctuations. They are very thick in nature and are very durable. They are most commonly seen in household for TV.
Twisted Pair Cable: These cables have 8 wires in them, intertwined and insulated. They can send data up to 100 meters in one go, and then they slow down after 100 meters. To boost their data sending capabilities, a repeater is installed. They are most commonly used in LAN connections, phone connections, security cameras, etc.
Optical Fiber Cable: These cables are made of glass, and they transfer data/electricity in the form of optical waves. To convert optical data, a converter is installed at each end of the cable. They are generally used where faster electricity is needed, or in telephone and radio towers. They are the fastest form of transferring data and electricity. They are installed underground in pipes.
As summer heats up, your Air Conditioner unit gets lots of work. On those humid, hot and hazy summer days, not possessing a functioning AC unit makes homes unbearable generally.
So, how will you know if the AC unit is operating at its peak efficiency and full potential?
Ask yourself some simple questions to decide if the AC is working appropriately.
Is Your AC Unit Very Loud?
A properly functioning and well maintained air conditioning unit runs efficiently and quietly. A noisy Air Conditioner is a great sign that something isn’t right. If it’s the case, there can be a problem with the condenser fan or compressor motor, which can compromise unit’s efficiency. In this case, you should consult AC experts to find as well as fix the issue.
When Did You Replaced the Air Filter?
In case you see a decline in airflow of the AC unit, the first thing that you wish to check is air filter. Most of the homeowners do not worry about air filter unless there is a problem present already. For dirty filters, your AC unit may run continually, but the home temperature might not cool down. It can be an extremely costly affair when you notice your utility bills at the month’s end. However, the great news is changing an air filter of your ac is a job everyone can perform.
Have You Checked The Breaker Box?
Occasionally, a high-voltage breaker can trip as well as cause the AC system to stop working completely. If this is the problem in your house, flip it back quickly and your system should starting working again. In case it trips for second time, then call for help.
Did You Check Your Thermostat?
At times, the issue is simple, the thermostat may just require a fresh batteries set. Look for battery symbol or a light on the thermostat indicate that the batteries have to be changed.
In summer, a straightforward strategy is to simply keep your home warmer than normal while you’re away and setting thermostat to about 78 degrees F only when you’re home and feel that it’s too warm. Certainly, thermostats could be set manually, but programmable thermostats can easily avoid the hassles of needing to remember always to turn it down or up and keep it on your desired setting whole day.
Did You Checked The Outdoor Unit?
Blower running still? If you’ve an outdoor unit, you must be capable to hear and see if fan is on still. If it’s working, that’s likely not an issue. Most homeowners don’t just think that their outer air condenser requires any looking after or maintenance.
A little background: outside portion of the air conditioner, “condenser unit”, is accountable for releasing the heat from your inner air to air outside. Condenser actually removes the heat from your house. Therefore, check it and ensure that it stays free from buildup of debris, dirt and pollen. The best thing that you can do in order to keep the condenser unit working in best shape is to always have yearly AC maintenance done. Another excellent way to safeguard it is to ensure the area surrounding your unit stays clear.
Have You Looked At The Drain Lines?
Is water surrounding indoor unit which could not have come from any other source? If yes, your drain line likely is plugged and you should have a professional air conditioner technician out to evaluate the unit.
What The Temperature Is?
On those terribly hot days, the outer temperature can be very intense for the older systems to work at maximum efficiency. In this case, it can be the right time to call expert AC Repair Surprise.
It’s a very humid and hot day. The clothes feel as if they are sticking onto your skin, still it’s supposed to be cooler inside with the Air Conditioner on. It looks like there’s something wrong with the Air Conditioner unit, but does this mean it’s necessary to contact an air conditioner repairing technician? Not always. The air conditioner issues are common, particularly after a very long summer. At times, there are many things that homeowners could do to get the system working again without even spending a dime on AC repair fees.
Check AC settings
Both central and window air units have temperature control thermostat as well as fan-only option. Ensure that dial is set up to cool or thermostat is set up at a temperature that is lower than ambient air temperatures of room. Also, ensure that switch or dial tends to be in “Cool” position, not in “Fan Only” position.
Also check the outdoor electrical box and breaker
Ensure that breaker hasn’t been tripped for central air circuits at breaker box. A few central air systems have outdoor electrical box also with a lever or breaker switch. It is a plastic or metal box on wall near the condenser unit and outdoor fan. Ensure the breaker hasn’t tripped or that lever switch hasn’t been actually tampered with. In summers, be alert that insects might build nests in such boxes. Also, children playing outdoors might discover switch and turn it off.
Check filters and coils
Blocked or dirty coils on outdoor condenser unit may cause an ineffective release of the heat energy, making the AC system work poorly. Dirty filters could do same thing. Clean the filters or change them, then spray the outdoor coils off with garden hose. Technicians utilize a solid liquid acid to quickly eat away grime which has built on coils, however sometimes cleaning with the garden hose is enough. Clear away any plants, leaves, or objects that might be blocking the free air movement on the outer condenser unit too.
The dirty coils at inside part of the central air unit has to be cleaned professionally by AC Repair Surprise. If no or little air is coming from the vents, although the inner blower fan is turned on, it is probably that indoor coils tend to be blocked by the dirt or are just freezing over and clogging air movement. It’s one thing which does need professional repairs.
Thawing the frozen coils
Shut the compressor to system off by turning up thermostat much higher than present room temperature or else by setting switch to the “Fan Only” mode. Let indoor blower fan work for some hours. Once ice build up tends to be thawed, the unit will start working again. However, it’s either dirty coils, low refrigerant or a blocked drain which is causing coils to freeze. Yet, this fast fix buys a little time until repair appointment could be made.
The central air conditioning systems can experience big issues such as refrigerant leaks, blower motor malfunctions or failed compressors. However, at times the solution is as simple as removing leaves that are piled against the outer condenser. Take time to check out the system prior to calling for a repair service. It could save you a bundle of your money.
If you would rather not need to deal with the troubleshooting when your key appliances go on fritz, a house warranty can save you hassle, money and time.
Though owning a house can bring in the greatest happiness and be a key source of pride, there always are a lot of unanticipated issues that take place. Inevitably you’re going to eventually have plumbing systems that develop problems, and it could be difficult to know what should you believe with lots of so-called "professionals" out there providing conflicting information. Plumber Surprise wish to take you through a full list of myths which you may hear so as to keep your house well maintained and wallet in your own pocket.
Chemical drains cleaners are ideal for disinfecting disposal: These kinds of cleaners are quite harsh to eat through the pipes and ruin disposal seal, so ensure to not use them. It is a safer bet for you to mix household products like baking soda and vinegar down your drains or use lime, lemon, or orange peel. This assists with disinfecting the disposal and alleviates funky smell.
Using plunger when a sink is blocked: This Do-It-Yourself has really proven to be quite messy and hazardous, especially if you’ve double sink. In case you’re trying to unblock one drain, you might not cover the second one, causing the clog from the blocked drain to come back to the other. If you choose to use the plunger after pouring chemical cleaner down the drain, you might cause splash-back, which makes the chemical to come back up in drain and can also make a contact with your own eyes, causing potential blindness and injury. Avoid this by not using a plunger ever after you pour down chemicals in your drain.
Disposing the wet wipes in your toilets: One of the key reasons plumber get called for plumbing problems is because the wet wipes are flushed down the toilets. Wet wipes aren’t bio-degradable as toilet paper, and if flushed, they pile up and block the drainage system. All that isn’t toilet paper should be put in trash cans.
Drain is perfectly working if the things go down without problem: It is a good thing to note down that blockages do not occur at once in the plumbing system. It really takes time for the things like inappropriate foods, cat litter and wet wipes, to build up in your pipes and lead to their damages. Ensure that your drains remain up to par just by using hair strainer over the shower drains and disposing foods in trash.
Hot water flushes down grease easily: Let us never do so! Grease will stick onto your drains and pipes, and boiling water also will not let it continue its journey via your drains. When hot water will cool over the grease inside your pipes, grease hardens and then will leave a very thick coating in your pipes, causing burst or backed-up pipes. Wipe grease out of the pans or else pour it in plastic container and put it in the garbage can.
Pipes can deal with all weekend guests: In case you’re hosting a Christmas party or are having in-laws for the weekend, then be careful of how lots of times the toilet can get flushed. Your septic or sewer line might not be competent of handling all your guests. You would not even know that until you have checked out the pipes previously. Your septic tank works with all the waste water inside your house, so this includes your showers and kitchen, not only toilets. If you’ve guests, ensure that you schedule out shower so that the lines have enough time to clear and you might want to consider requesting guests to not flush toilet with every use.